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Would rather – prefer- have sth done- as if

Thứ năm - 29/10/2020 04:33
A/ Objectives : - To help Ss to know how to use '' would rather- prefer-have sth done – as if- It's time- used to – had better – suggest '' and do exercises.
B/ Procedures:
tải xuống (3)
tải xuống (3)
I/ GRAMMAR:
1/ Had better.
* Had better do sth/ not do sth.
Eg: - You'd better go there alone.
 
  • We's better not smoke.
2/ Used to do sth Be/ get used to doing sth.
* Used to do sth : ( §· tõng lµm g× trong qu¸ khø )
Eg: I used to play chess when I was at school.
* Be/ Get used to doing sth ( Quen víi viÖc lµm g× )
Eg: I get/ am used to getting up early now.
3. Prefer.
* Prefer to do/ doing sth : ( ThÝch c¸i g× - chØ së thÝch nãi chung )
Eg: I prefer to live/ living in the country.
* Prefer sth to sth: ( thÝch c¸i g× h¬n c¸i g× )
Eg: She prefers tea to coffee.
* Prefer doing sth to doing sth: ( ThÝch lµm viÖc g× h¬n viÖc g× )
- I prefer playing the guitar to going swimming.
- Lan prefers playing football to tennis.
* Would prefer to do sth: ( Muèn lµm g× )
- I'd prefer to stay at home.
* Would prefer sb to do sth/ not to do sth: ( muèn ai ®ã lµm/ kh«ng lµm g× )
- I'd prefer you to finish your work by 5 o'clock.
4/ Would rather.
* Would rather do sth than sth:( ThÝch lµm g× h¬n lµm g× )
- I'd rather reads books than watch TV.
- We'd rather play the piano than the guitar.
* Would rather do sth/ not do sth: ( Muèn / kh«ng muèn lµm g× )
- We'd rather stay at home.
- George would rather not go out.
* Would rather sb did sth/ didn't do sth: ( Muèn ai / kh«ng muèn ai lµm g× )( Tr¸i víi thùc tÕ ë hiÖn t¹i )
- I'd rather you stopped smoking now.
- I'd rather you didn't smoke.
* Would rather sb had done sth/ hadn't done sth: ( Tr¸i víi thùc tÕ ë qu¸ khø )
- I'd rather you had come here yesterday.( T«i muèn h«m qua cËu tíi ®©y )
=You didn't come here yesterday ( Thùc tÕ lµ cËu ®· kh«ng tíi )
- I'd rather she hadn't said that ( T«i muèn lµ c« ta kh«ng nãi ®iÒu ®ã )
= She said that ( Thùc tÕ lµ c« ta ®· nãi )
5/ It's time.
* It's time to do sth: ( §· ®Õn giê lµm g× )
- It's time to go home now.
* It's time for sb to do sth:  ( §· ®Õn giê ai lµm g× )
- It's time for us to go home now.
* It's ( about/ high/ time ) sb did sth: ( §· ®Õn lóc ai ph¶i lµm g× )
- It's 10 o'clock now. It's time he got up
- You are lazy. It's about time you worked hard.
6/ As if / as though.
* As if / as though víi nghÜa cã vÎ nh­.
- She looks as if she is tired.( C« ta tr«ng cã vÎ mÖt ) Perhaps she is tired.
- It looks as if it's going to rain.( Cã vÎ nh­ trêi s¾p m­a )
* As if / as though víi nghÜa nh­ thÓ lµ:( ChØ t×nh huèng tr¸i víi thùc tÕ ë hiÖn t¹i or t­¬ng lai )
- ( Mr John talks as if he was/ were rich. ( ¤ng John nãi chuyÖn cø nh­ lµ «ng ta giµu cã l¾m)
( He's not rich Thùc tÕ «ng ta kh«ng giµu )
- She talks as if she knew  everything. ( she knows nothing- Thùc tÕ c« ta kh«ng biÕt g×)
- Mrs Young feels as if she was sitting on the fire. ( Bµ Young c¶m thÊy nh­ ®ang ngåi trªn löa)
- He looked as though he had seen a ghost.( Nom «ng ta cø nh­ ®· nh×n thÊy ma )
7/ Have/ Get sth done ( Nhê ai lµm c«ng viÖc g× )
- The garage repaired the car for us yesterday.= we had/ got the car repaired ( by the garage ) yesterday.
- They are going to deliver the milk to me. = I'm going to  have/ get the milk delivered.
8/ Become/ feel/ get/ keep/ taste/ seem/ sound/ smell/ look + ADJ
eg: - He became angry when he heard the news.
 
  • We feel tired now.
  • Keep calm !
  • This cake tastes good.
  • They seemed bored with what I was talking.
* Make / Find sb/ sth + adj
- That film made us tired.
- I find this book interesting. ( T«i thÊy cuèn s¸ch nµy hay )
* S + find + it + adj + to do sth
- My father found it easy to repair the bike.( Bè t«i thÊy dÔ khi söa xe ®¹p )
9/ Suggest ( Gîi ý )
* Suggest doing sth ( Gîi ý lµm g× )
- My brother suggested painting the house green.
* Suggest ( that ) sb ( should ) do sth ( Gîi ý r»ng ai ®ã nªn lµm g× )
- They suggested that I should apply for that job. ( Hä gîi ý r¨ng t«i nªn nép ®¬n xin viÖc )
- I suggest to my cousin that he should marry that woman. ( T«i gîi ý cho anh hä cña m×nh nªn c­íi c« ®ã )
Notes: - I suggest that you apologise to her. ( Kh«ng dïng ''should'' trong lêi gîi ý trùc tiÕp )
             ( T«i gîi ý lµ cËu nªn xin lçi c« Êy )
II/ EXERCISES:
A/ Rewrite the following sentences.
1. We'd prefer you not to smoke. ® We'd rather.......................
2. He would prefer you to pay him immediately. ® He'd rather................
3. No, please don't tell her. ® I'd rather...............
4. Would you mind not smoking here. ® I'd rather.................
5. I prefer stayting at home to going out. ® I'd rather............
6. I don't really want to have lunch yet. ® I'd rather...............
7. I'd prefer you to deviler the sofa on Friday. ® I would rather.............
8. She prefers Italian food to French food. ® She'd.......................
9. I'd rather go out for a meal than stay at home. ®I prefer.............
10. I'd rather not see him tomorrow. ® I don't..........
11. Please don't go there. ® I'd.......................
12. He prefers golf to tennis. ® He'd rather...............
13. I'd rather you started work next week. ® I'd prefer...............
14. I don't feel like spreading another day at the beach. ® I'd rather........
15. I'd rather you didn't phone me at work. ® I'd prefer..............
16. She doesn't usually stay up so late. ® She's not used..................
17. It's not a habit of mine to sleep in the afternoon. ® I'm.................
18.The house seemed to have been unoccupied( k bÞ chiÕm gi÷) for several years. ® It looked as if............
19. The children should start doing their homework now. ® It is time...............
20. Fares will be likely to go up again this summer. ® It looks as if...............
21. I think the City Council should do something about the city's traffic problems. ® It high time..........
22. We'd better buy a new cooker. ® It's............
23. I had better get back to work. ® It's ...............
24. I think it may rain. ® It looks..................
25. It's extremely difficult for us to make ends meet these days. ® We find...........
26. It is increasingly difficult for me to read without my sunglasses. ® I am finding............
27. I wasn't interested in the film, so I turned TV off. ® I didn't find.............
28. I'm always nervous when I travel by air. ® Travelling...............
29. The doctor advised me to rest. ® The doctor suggested..................
30. '' Why don't you put a better lock on the door, Bang ?'' said John. ®John suggested.........
31. If you don't want Sally to be angry with you, I suggest you apologise. ® You'd...............
32. '' Let's invite the Brown to the party on Sunday.'' he said. ® He suggested............
B/ Dear Betty,
     Thank you for inviting me to your birthday party.
1- I / afraid / not be able / come................................................................
2- We / have / things / do / this week......................................................
4- If I / be there / all of us / have / good time................................................
5-  I / hope / your party / a success...................................................................
     Yours,
     Thu Huong
C/ - Fill in the blank space with the correct from of the words in parentheses :
1- It is first time for me to watch an ............................................ fashion show.    (interest)
2- Her performance was greeted with .................applause.(tiếng v tay khen ngi)   (loud)
3- My sleeveless sweater is much more ......................................... than I expect.   (expense)
4- Lines of poetry on ao dai look modern and very ............................................... .   (fashion)
5- She has introduced her earliest fashion collection on the .............. ao dai in Hue. (tradition)
6- Uniforms make students .............................................. of their school.  (pride)
7- Jeans and T-shirts are his ....................................................... clothes.   (favour)
8- Red .......................................................................................... danger.   (symbol)
9- Mai .......................................................Maryam to Hanoi last year.   (invitation)
10-Some designers have ............ the ao dai by printing lines of poetry on it.  (modern)
11-    He is very rich, so he can live ...............................................................   (depend)
12-    The singer looks ................................................................ on the stage.   (attract)
13-    Team games help to ..........................................the students’ solidarity.    (strong)
14-    We like going in his car as he is a ............................................... driver.     (care)
15-    This stamp ........................................................................... is valuable.    (collect)
* ANSWERS:
A/ 1. We'd rather you didn't smoke.
2. He'd rather you paid him immediately.
3. I'd rather you didn't tell her.
4. I'd rather you didn't smoke here.
5. I'd rather stay at home than go out.
6. I'd rather not have lunch.
7. I would rather you delivered the sofa on Friday.
8. She'd rather eat Italian food than French food.
9. I prefer going out for a meal to staying at home.
10. I don't see him tomorrow.
11. I'd rather not go there.
12. He'd rather play golf than tennis.
13. I prefer you to start work next week.
14. I'd rather not like spreading another day at the beach.
15. I'd prefer you not to phone me at work.
16. She's not used to staying up so late.
17. I'm not used to sleeping in the afternoon.
18. It looked as if it hadn't  been occupied for several years.
19. It is time for children to start doing their homework now.
20. It looks as if fares will be likely to go up again this summer.
21. It high time the City Council did something about the city's traffic problems.
22. It's time for us to buy a new cooker.
23. It's time for me to get back to work.
24. It looks as if it is going to rain./ may rain.
25. We find it difficult to make ends meet these days.
26. I am finding it difficult to read without my sunglasses.
27. I didn't find the film interesting.
28. Travlling by air made me nervous.
29. The doctor suggested ( that ) I should rest.
30. John suggested Bang ( that ) you put a better lock on the door.
31. You'd apologise, If you don't want Sally to be angry with you.
32. He suggested inviting the Brown to the party on Sunday.
B/
1.I am afraid not to be able to come.
2. We are having some things to do this week.
3. I wish I could go to the party.
4. If I were there, all of us would have a good time.
5. I hope your party to be a success.
C/
 
1. interesting 6. proud 11. independent    
2. louding 7.favorite 12. attractive    
3. expensive 8. symbolize 13. strengthen    
4. fashionable 9. invited 14. careful    
5. traditional 10. modernized 15. collection    
III/ HOMEWORK:
 
  • Learn by heart the grammar.
  • Consilidate the knowledge for the test on the nex period.

 

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